Метро Москвы

До 29 ноября 1955 столичная подземка носила имя Лазаря Моисеевича Кагановича. В этот день метро Москвы было переименовано в Московский метрополитен имени В.И.Ленина.

На протяжении двух десятилетий (с 1935 по 1955 годы) подземка носила имя Лазаря Кагановича — наркома путей сообщения, руководившего также составлением Генерального плана реконструкции Москвы и возглавлявшего строительство московского метро.
Позже именем Кагановича была названа станция «Охотный рядя»  именовавшаяся на протяжении нескольких лет (в 1955-1957 годах) «Им. Л. М. Кагановича».

«Наш Московский метрополитен замечателен именно тем, что там не просто мрамор, — нет, там не просто гранит, — нет, там не просто металл, — нет, там не только бетон, — нет! Там в каждом куске мрамора, в каждом куске металла и бетона, в каждой ступени эскалатора сквозит новая душа человека, наш социалистический труд, там наша кровь, наша любовь, наша борьба за нового человека, за социалистическое общество», — говорил Каганович. 

Сам Лазарь Моисеевич руководил строительством подземки, неделями находясь в шахтах проводки и следя самолично за работой метростроевцев. Каганович вникал во все нюансы строительства, был для метростроевцев дядькой-наставником. Им нравилось, что он – «свойский мужик». Каганович и впрямь никогда не чурался людей, не запирался в кабинете. Один из строителей вспоминал: «У Лазаря Моисеевича есть особая способность – прийти в котлован и сейчас же вести с рабочими беседу, как будто он работает с ними несколько месяцев. У него находятся для них легкие, понятные слова, он говорит с ними на понятном им языке. Тут же появляются улыбочки, и видно, что, если бы им сказали пойти за ним в огонь, – пошли бы». 

В одной из первых советских песен о метро есть такие строки:

…Мы верили, мы знали,

Что, роя котлован,

Мы твой, товарищ Сталин,

Осуществляем план…

…Нам Сталин раскрывает

Счастливый наш удел.

Стоит холодный мрамор

Великих наших дел…

…Там солнце улыбалось

Бетону, кирпичу,

И Лазарь Каганович

Нас хлопал по плечу…

Лазарь Каганович хотел построить «идеальный город будущего» и поэтому инициировал разрушение многих старых районов Москвы, церквей и зданий, в том числе и снос Храма Христа Спасителя в 1931 году.


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